Over 200,000 cases of diverticulitis are registered per year.
This kind of infection in one or multiple small pouches in the digestive tract is commonly found after an age of 40. However, in some cases, it appears at an early age as well.
Before we dive into further details, let’s watch this video to get 10 facts about Diverticulitis;
What is Diverticulitis?
Have you ever wondered what is diverticulitis?
Diverticulitis happens to be a condition that affects the digestive system of a human being.
It causes complications with regard to the bowel movements and can cause intense and unanticipated pain in the abdomen.
When a diverticulum ruptures and the infection spreads around the diverticulum the defect caused is called diverticulitis.
A person suffering from this sickness often suffers from abdominal pain, tenderness, colonic obstruction, and sublimes white blood cell count in regard to blood and fever.
What are the Symptoms of Diverticulitis?
The initial symptoms of diverticulitis are rectal bleeding.
Blood in the stool can be bright red-maroon in color, either black and tarry or not visible to your naked eye.
However, the bleeding or blood in the stool to be examined by a healthcare professional.
Some of the other signs of diverticulitis:
- Intermittent stomach pain
- Bloating of the abdomen
- High fever
- Diarrhea and constipation
Causes of Diverticulitis
Doctors don’t think from one particular point of view about causes of diverticulitis. The root cause of the condition is fecal matter blocking the opening of the diverticula which ushers to inflammation and infection.
It varies from person to person with regard to this sickness.
However, there are certain factors that can be considered as possible causes of diverticulitis. Such as:
- A low-fiber diet: A lack of dietary fiber can be suspected as a risk factor.
- Heredity: There can be a relation to the heredity link.
- Obesity: Being obese is a clear risk factor. Research says that obesity raises the risk of diverticulitis.
- Lack of physical exercise: A sedentary lifestyle is a real risk factor. People who exercise less than 30 minutes a day appear to have it.
- Smoking: It increases the risk of symptomatic and complicates the disease.
- Medications: Regular usage of aspirin and certain drugs can raise your risk for complication.
- Lack of vitamin D: Lower levels of vitamin D can complicate the risk.
You must have always wondered how to treat diverticulitis.
The treatment for diverticulitis can be done by trying to relive the pain by using a paracetamol or ibuprofen and bowel infection can be cured with the use of antibiotics.
Note: We suggest to take any kind of antibiotics with the prescription of the doctor only.
Cases or complications like fistula or abscess may require the patient to get hospitalized and undergo a surgery to remove the infected part of the intestine.
Diet for Diverticulitis
When seeking treatment for a speedy recovery, it is necessary to follow a diet for diverticulitis.
Your doctor may suggest you a treatment place for acute diverticulitis in the form of your diet.
A diet is a temporary measure to give your digestive system a chance to rest.
Oral intake should be reduced as long as the bleeding and diarrhea subside. You can start with a liquid diet for few days.
The type of items allowed on a clear liquid diet include: broth, fruit juices without pulp like apple juice, ice chips, gelatin, water, tea or coffee without cream. When you start recovering, your doctor will surely recommend that you should add-on low-fiber foods to your diet.
Foods to Eat
The foods to eat with diverticulitis include cooked fruits without skin and seeds, vegetables like green beans, carrots, and potatoes. Eggs, fish, poultry, refined white bread, fruits and vegetable juices without pulp, low-fiber cereals, milk yogurt, and cheese, not to forget about white rice, pasta, noodles.
Foods to Avoid
The food to avoid with diverticulitis is nuts, seeds, and popcorn because these foods get stuck in the diverticula and cause inflammation.
Home Remedies for Diverticulitis
Some home remedies for diverticulitis so that you can find some relief to control symptoms of diverticulitis or reduce the chance of having additional attacks of diverticulitis.
In order to reduce pain in the abdomen do the following remedies:
- Apply a heating pad to your abdomen to relieve mild cramps and pain.
- Try to stay relaxed by slow, deep breathing in a quiet room or meditation as it will help you relieve pain.
- Use medicines which are non-prescribed such as acetaminophen. Follow the instructions before use.
- If these remedies do not help you and your pain increases seek help from your doctor in case you require a prescribed medicine.
Once you start recovering slowly, here are some other remedies for diverticulitis to prevent another attack;
- Add high-fiber diet like whole grain bread and cereals, brown rice, fresh fruits, and vegetables.
- Practice healthy bowel habits like eating at regular times and not straining during bowel movements and taking plenty of fluids in your diet.
Besides it, there are some other natural remedies for diverticulitis you can try as an alternative to expensive medications.
These holistic treatment methods were practice by few patients with severe colon and bowel conditions and it encouraged them to believe in it and was cured of the bowel disorders.
Here are a few natural remedies for diverticulitis;
- Do provide bowel rest by making use of special elemental liquid diet.
- Try killing the bad bacteria and fungus.
- Re-populate your gastrointestinal tract with good bacteria.
- Heal the ulcers and inflammations in the intestine.
- Resolve your nutritional deficiencies.
- Take good care of your constipation problems.
Diverticulosis vs Diverticulitis
Let us have a comparison of Diverticulosis vs Diverticulitis because several people get confused by these terms.
In weak spots of the large intestine prompts the formation of diverticula. While the pressure is added there is a bulge. These bulges or pouches may protrude through the colon wall. If they burst or get infected this marks the diagnosis of diverticulitis
But diverticulosis is pressure on the intestinal wall from inside the intestine. This can come with aging because the outer wall of the intestine becomes thicker over time causing spaces inside the intestine to narrow so stool begins to move more slowly through the intestine to the colon. Hard stools are the sole reason of a low-fiber diet which also contributes to the slower transit time and takes for the stool to pass through. Frequent straining during bowel movement adds to the pressure against the intestinal wall and causes diverticulosis.
Some cases of diverticulitis are uncomplicated and can be easily treated at home, while other complicated cases can be life-threatening and require immediate attention, possibly a surgery. In case you come across certain symptoms or are doubtful, the best thing to do is to consult a doctor and be treated on time.