Facial Paralysis: Everything you Should Know

Facial Paralysis

Facial paralysis is a condition that affects the facial nerves, causing the muscles in the face that control movement to become paralyzed. This usually leaves one side of the face or the entire face unable to move. Facial paralysis can be caused by a facial tumor, stroke, or an injury.

In this blog post, we will review the causes of facial paralysis and treatments for facial paralysis.

What is Facial Paralysis?

Facial paralysis is a condition in which part or all of the facial muscles are paralyzed. This can occur due to a variety of causes, including stroke, tumor, or viral infection.

There are two types of facial paralysis: 

Complete paralysis: Complete facial paralysis occurs when all muscles in the face are paralyzed. 

Partial paralysis: Partial facial paralysis occurs when only certain muscles in the face are affected.

The symptoms of facial paralysis vary depending on the part of the face that is affected. In some cases, the person may experience difficulty chewing, swallowing, or opening their mouth. They may also lose their sense of smell and taste, and their vision may be affected.

There is no cure for facial paralysis, but treatments can help improve the person’s quality of life. Treatment options may include physical therapy, speech therapy, and rehabilitation. Some people may also require surgery to restore the facial muscles.

If you are concerned that you may have facial paralysis, speak to your doctor about your symptoms. He or she can diagnosis the condition and provide you with the best possible care.

What are the Causes of Facial Paralysis?

Facial paralysis will always have multiple causes. The most common causes are paralysis of the facial nerve, injury in the base of the skull and palsy of the seventh cranial nerve.

Paralysis of the Facial Nerve

This condition may be temporary, or it might be permanent. The common symptoms of this condition include drooping of the eyelid, or the absence of the eyelid, a lack of ability to move the eye, dryness of the eyes, loss of taste in the affected side, and the inability to close one eye.

Injury in the Base of the Skull

This condition causes paralysis of the facial nerve, and this may also cause loss of taste in the affected side. The condition could be caused by several reasons including a stroke, a tumor, a tumor in the carotid artery, Bell’s palsy, or a fracture of the skull.

Palsy of the Seventh Cranial Nerve

This condition causes a loss of sensation, and a loss of taste in the affected side. This condition may be caused by an injury, or a tumor in the facial nerve, and may also be caused by an infection.

Bell’s Palsy

It is a facial paralysis caused by inflammation of the facial nerve. The facial nerve inflammation causes paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face. It can last from a few days to a few months and is more common in women than men. 


Poliomyelitis is a viral illness that primarily attacks the motor neurons of the spinal cord. Facial paralysis is one of the symptoms of poliomyelitis. It can cause complete or partial facial paralysis. The paralysis is often temporary. 


The facial nerve can become damaged during stroke. This can cause paralysis or weakness of the muscles of the face. The paralysis or weakness can vary in extent. 


Facial tumors can compress the facial nerve, which can result in paralysis or weakness of the muscles of the face.

What Tests will be done to Diagnose Facial Paralysis?

A doctor can usually diagnose the disorder by performing a physical exam and asking questions about the symptoms.

In some cases, the doctor may use imaging tests, such as X-rays or a CT scan, to determine if there are nerve, muscle, or bone problems that may be causing the paralysis.

Treatment for the condition will depend on its cause.

How is Facial Paralysis Treated?

Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the paralysis, but generally involve some combination of rehabilitation, medication, and surgery.

Rehabilitation typically focuses on teaching the person with facial paralysis how to do the activities they were able to do before the disorder occurred. This might involve learning to brush their teeth, eat, and drink, for example.

Medication is often used to help calm the nerves in the face and help reduce the symptoms of facial paralysis. This might include medications that help to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, or reduce the number of nerve signals being sent to the brain.

Surgery is often needed to restore facial movement. This might involve the removal of screws or other devices that are holding the face in a particular position, or the placement of electronic devices that help to restore facial movement.

How to Prevent Facial Paralysis?

There are a number of things to consider in order to avoid the loss of movement of facial muscles.

  • Avoid getting into fights.
  • Wearing protective gear helmets and facemasks.
  • Wearing a seatbelt when driving.
  • Get regular check-ups and vaccinations.
  • Avoid using harsh chemicals on face.
  • Practice good oral hygiene.

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In brief, this was all about you should know about the facial paralysis. If you are experiencing any symptoms of this condition, then getting an expert consultation is recommended before it start becoming complicated and irreversible.

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